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胡錦濤訪美:號召中美摒棄“零和”冷戰思維
發布時間:2011-1-20  閱讀次數:7731  字體大小: 【】 【】【

胡錦濤訪美:號召中美摒棄“零和”冷戰思維

Hu: China, US must give up 'zero-sum Cold War thinking'

導讀:中國國家主席胡錦濤在訪美前夕接受美國媒體書面采訪時表示,“首先,中美雙方應加強對話與接觸,建立戰略互信;其次,中美雙方應摒棄零和冷戰思維,并以客觀、理性地看待彼此的發展。”
  
BEIJING: Ahead of his visit, Chinese President Hu Jintao has warned that China and the US stand to lose from confrontation under a "zero-sum Cold War mentality" and underlined that both sides would gain if they pursued sound bilateral ties.
  
Billed as the most significant ever since moderate Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's visit in 1979 which had set off vibrant economic ties propelling China into high trajectory growth rate, Hu's four-day visit beginning Tuesday is aimed at bringing down the rising tension on a host of political, economic and military issues.
  
"We both stand to gain from a sound China-US relationship, and lose from confrontation," Hu said in written responses to questions from the media. "First, we should increase dialogue and contact and enhance strategic mutual trust. Second, we should abandon the zero-sum Cold War mentality and view each other's development in an objective and sensible way."

President Hu Jintao of China was honored Wednesday night with a state dinner at the White House given by President Obama and his wife, Michelle.

President Hu Jintao of China was honored Wednesday night with a state dinner at the White House given by President Obama and his wife, Michelle.
中國國家主席胡錦濤出席美國總統奧巴馬及夫人米歇爾于當時時間星期三在白宮舉行的國宴
  
背景知識 Background
零和(zero sum)。賭博中,雙方相同的獲勝概率。這個詞也經常用在政治中,兩個國家的勢均力敵的實力可以被稱作“零和”。
  
零和”是博弈論的一個概念,意思是雙方博弈,一方得利必然意味著另一方吃虧,一方得益多少,另一方就吃虧多少,雙方得失相抵,總數為零,所以稱為“零和”。
  
零和”理論認為 ,世界是一個封閉的系統,財富、資源、機遇都是有限的,個別人、個別地區和個別國家財富的增加必然意味著對其他人、其他地區和其他國家的掠奪。這是一個“邪惡進化論”式的弱肉強食的世界。勝利者的光榮背后隱藏著失敗者的辛酸和苦澀。
  
What does Zero Sum mean?
  
In game theory and economic theory, zero-sum describes a situation in which a participant's gain or loss is exactly balanced by the losses or gains of the other participant(s). If the total gains of the participants are added up, and the total losses are subtracted, they will sum to zero. Zero-sum can be thought of more generally as constant sum where the benefits and losses to all players sum to the same value of money (or utility). Cutting a cake is zero- or constant-sum, because taking a larger piece reduces the amount of cake available for others. In contrast, non-zero-sum describes a situation in which the interacting parties' aggregate gains and losses is either less than or more than zero. Zero-sum games are also called strictly competitive.
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