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屠呦呦榮獲醫學大獎拉斯克獎,有望再獲諾貝爾獎
發布時間:2011-9-25  閱讀次數:11254  字體大小: 【】 【】【
屠呦呦榮獲醫學大獎拉斯克獎,有望再獲諾貝爾獎
Tu Youyou Won Lasker Award and Possibly Nobel Prize in Future
  
新華網報道:
紐約9月23日電(記者任海軍)國際醫學大獎——美國拉斯克獎23日將其2011年臨床研究獎授予中國中醫科學院終身研究員屠呦呦,以表彰她“發現了青蒿素——一種治療瘧疾的藥物,在全球特別是發展中國家挽救了數百萬人的生命”。這是中國科學家首次獲得拉斯克獎。
  
拉斯克獎評審委員會認為,屠呦呦教授領導的團隊將一種古老的中醫療法轉化為最強有力的抗瘧疾藥,使現代技術與傳統中醫師們留下的遺產相結合,將其中最寶貴的內容帶入21世紀。
  
“在人類的藥物史上,我們如此慶祝一項能緩解數億人疼痛和壓力、并挽救上百個國家數百萬人生命的發現的機會并不常有,”斯坦福大學教授、拉斯克獎評審委員會成員露西·夏皮羅在講述青蒿素發現的意義時說。夏皮羅表示,青蒿素這一高效抗瘧藥的發現很大程度上歸因于屠呦呦及其團隊的“洞察力、視野和頑強信念”,屠教授的工作為世界提供了過去半個世紀里最重要的藥物干預方案。
  
在發表獲獎感言時,屠呦呦衷心感謝為青蒿素的發現和應用作出重要貢獻的同事。她表示,青蒿素的發現是中國傳統醫學給人類的一份禮物,傳統中醫藥多年來一直服務中國和亞洲人民,開發傳統醫藥,必將給世界帶來更多的治療藥物。她呼吁開展全球性合作,使中醫藥和其他傳統醫藥更好地造福人類健康。
  
上世紀六、七十年代,在科研條件極為艱苦的環境下,屠呦呦團隊與國內其他機構合作,經過艱苦卓絕的努力并從《肘后備急方》等中醫古典文獻中獲取靈感,先驅性地發現了青蒿素,開創了瘧疾治療新方法,世界數億人因此受益。目前,一種以青蒿素為基礎的復方藥物已經成為瘧疾的標準治療方案,世界衛生組織將青蒿素和相關藥劑列入其“基本藥品”目錄。
  
“屠教授的成就是所有傳染病領域最重要的成就之一,屠教授作出了主要貢獻,值得獲獎,”美國國家過敏和傳染病研究所所長安東尼·福奇在出席頒獎儀式時對新華社記者說,“這也是中國傳統醫藥可以引導發現青蒿素這樣有用化合物的好例子。”
  
拉斯克獎由有“現代廣告之父”之稱的美國廣告經理人阿爾伯特·拉斯克和夫人瑪麗·拉斯克于1946年創立,以表彰在醫學研究領域作出突出貢獻的在世科學家、醫學研究者和公共服務人員或機構。自創立以來,共有300多位科學家獲獎,其中80位最后獲諾貝爾獎。拉斯克獎素有“美國諾貝爾獎”之稱。   
  
外電報道:

Tu Youyou, discoverer of malarial drug, wins Lasker Award

A scientist who discovered a powerful malaria drug and two others who illuminated how proteins fold within cells have won prestigious medical awards.
  
The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation announced the $250,000 prizes Monday and will present them Sept. 23 in New York.
  
Tu Youyou, 81, of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in Beijing, won the clinical research award for discovering the malaria drug artemisinin (ar-tuh-MIHS'-ihn-ihn), which the foundation said has saved millions of lives.
  
In the late 1960s, as part of a Chinese government project, Tu began combing ancient texts and folk remedies to find a treatment for malaria. She collected 2,000 potential recipes, from which her team made 380 extracts. One extract, from sweet wormwood, showed promise in mouse studies. Following a clue from an ancient document, Tu redesigned the extraction process to make the extract more potent. In the early 1970s, she and her colleagues isolated the active ingredient, artemisinin.
  
The Lasker award for basic research is shared by Dr. Franz-Ulrich Hartl, 54, of the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried, Germany, and Dr. Arthur Horwich, 60, of Yale University. Their key discoveries about how proteins fold within cells may someday help scientists find new treatments for such illnesses as Alzheimer's, Huntington's and Lou Gehrig's diseases, the foundation said.
  
Before their work, scientists thought that proteins needed no help to fold into their proper shapes. But in the late 1980s, the two men discovered that the folding happens within a cage-like structure that promotes the process.
  
"They gave the medical world a key understanding of how proteins reach their biological potential," the foundation said.
  
A third Lasker prize, for public service, was awarded to the Clinical Center of the National Institutes of Health. Since 1953, the center has been "a model research hospital, providing innovative therapy and high-quality patient care, treating rare and severe diseases and producing outstanding physician-scientists," the foundation said.
  
The Lasker foundation was established in 1942. Albert Lasker was an advertising executive who died in 1952. His wife Mary was a longtime champion of medical research before her death in 1994.
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